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Int J Biol Sci 2005; 1(3):110-113. doi:10.7150/ijbs.1.110

Short Research Communication

Translocation of a 190-kb mitochondrial fragment into rice chromosome 12 followed by the integration of four retrotransposons

Minoru Ueda1 2, Nobuhiro Tsutsumi2, Koh-ichi Kadowaki1

1 Genetic Diversity Department, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
2 Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Abstract

A 190-kb mitochondrial DNA sequence interrupted by seven foreign DNA segments was identified in rice chromosome 12. This fragment is the largest mitochondrial fragment translocated into the rice nuclear genome. The sequence is composed of a 190-kb segment of mitochondrial origin corresponding to 38.79% of the mitochondrial genome, 45 kb comprising four segments of retrotransposon origin, and 13 kb comprising three segments of unknown origin. The 190-kb sequence shows more than 99.68% similarity to the current mitochondrial sequence, suggesting that its integration into the nucleus was quite recent. Several sequences in the 190-kb segment have been rearranged relative to the current mitochondrial sequence, suggesting that the past and present arrangements of the mitochondrial genome differ. The four retrotransposons show no mutual sequence similarity and are integrated into different locations, suggesting that their integration events were independent, frequent, and quite recent. A fragment of the mitochondrial genome present in the nuclear genome, such as the 248-kb sequence characterized in this study, is a good relic with which to investigate the past mitochondrial genome structure and the behavior of independent retrotransposons during evolution.

Keywords: mitochondria, nuclear, genome, integration, retrotransposon

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How to cite this article:
Ueda M, Tsutsumi N, Kadowaki Ki. Translocation of a 190-kb mitochondrial fragment into rice chromosome 12 followed by the integration of four retrotransposons. Int J Biol Sci 2005; 1(3):110-113. doi:10.7150/ijbs.1.110. Available from http://www.ijbs.com/v01p0110.htm