Int J Biol Sci 2009; 5(2):135-146. doi:10.7150/ijbs.5.135
Antitumor Activity of T Cells Generated from Lymph Nodes Draining the SEA-expressing Murine B16 Melanoma and Secondarily Activated with Dendritic Cells
1. Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Beijing, China
The successful use of tumor-draining lymph nodes (TDLN) as a source of effector cells for cancer immunotherapy depends largely on the immunogenicity of the tumor drained by the lymph nodes as well as the methods for secondary in vitro T cell activation and expansion. We transferred the bacterial superantigen staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) gene into B16 murine melanoma tumor cells, and used them to induce TDLN (SEA TDLN) in syngeneic hosts. Wild-type (wt) TDLN induced by parental B16 tumor was used as a control. In vitro, SEA TDLN cells proliferated more vigorously, produced more IFNγ and demonstrated higher CTL activity than wt TDLN cells when activated with anti-CD3/anti-CD28/IL-2. In vivo, SEA TDLN cells mediated tumor eradication more effectively than similarly activated wt TDLN cells (p<0.01). Furthermore, use of dendritic cells (DC) plus tumor antigen in vitro in addition to anti-CD3/anti-CD28/IL-2 stimulation further amplified the immune function and therapeutic efficacy of SEA TDLN cells. DC-stimulated SEA TDLN cells eliminated nearly 90% of the pulmonary metastasis in mice bearing established B16 melanoma micrometastases. These results indicate that enforced expression of superantigen SEA in poorly immunogenic tumor cells can enhance their immunogenicity as a vaccine in vivo. The combined use of genetically modified tumor cells as vaccine to induce TDLN followed by secondary stimulation using antigen-presenting cells and tumor antigen in a sequential immunization/activation procedure may represent a unique method to generate more potent effector T cells for adoptive immunotherapy of cancer.
Keywords: Staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA), B16 melanoma, dendritic cells (DC), T lymphocyte, Adoptive therapy
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How to cite this article:
Yu J, Tian R, Xiu B, Yan J, Jia R, Zhang L, Chang AE, Song H, Li Q. Antitumor Activity of T Cells Generated from Lymph Nodes Draining the SEA-expressing Murine B16 Melanoma and Secondarily Activated with Dendritic Cells. Int J Biol Sci 2009; 5(2):135-146. doi:10.7150/ijbs.5.135. Available from http://www.ijbs.com/v05p0135.htm