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Int J Biol Sci 2012; 8(7):1005-1012. doi:10.7150/ijbs.4800

Review

Preservation of Fertility in Females Treated for Cancer

Yunhai Chuai1*, Xiaobin Xu2*, Aiming Wang1✉

1. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Navy General Hospital, Beijing, China;
2. Department of Anesthesia, Navy General Hospital, Beijing, China.
* Authors contributed equally to this paper.

Abstract

Advancements of diagnosis and treatment have substantially improved cancer survival rates in the last few decades. The increasing number of survivors focuses attention on long-term effects caused by cancer treatment and its impact on quality of life. Ovarian failure is one of the major sequelae of cytotoxic chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy in female children and reproductive-age women. Oncologists should address the patients about fertility preservation options before therapy. Embryo cryopreservation is the only well-established method for females in preserving fertility; however other strategies including ovarian suppression, ovarian transposition and cryopreservation of oocytes and ovarian tissue are still experimental. Patients need advice and to know which are the most practical options for them. This article reviews the available fertility preservation methods in women, and the related issues including normal physiology of the ovary, effect of anticancer therapy on fertility, role of the oncologist and ethics. We performed a MEDLINE search from 1971 to 2011 in a similar way as Jensen et al. 2011, using the following MeSH terms: antineoplastic agents; ovarian failure; premature; infertility, female; fertility preservation; child and cancer; reproductive technologies, assisted.

Keywords: Fertility Preservation, Cancer patient, Females

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY-NC) License. See http://ivyspring.com/terms for full terms and conditions.
How to cite this article:
Chuai Y, Xu X, Wang A. Preservation of Fertility in Females Treated for Cancer. Int J Biol Sci 2012; 8(7):1005-1012. doi:10.7150/ijbs.4800. Available from http://www.ijbs.com/v08p1005.htm