Int J Biol Sci 2013; 9(4):343-349. doi:10.7150/ijbs.5501

Research Paper

Endosulfan-Induced Biomarkers in Japanese Rice Fish (Oryzias latipes) Analyzed by SELDI-TOF-MS

Sung-Eun Lee1,*, Choi Young-Woong2,*, Hyoung-ho Mo2, Jino Son2, Kyeonghun Park3, Kijong Cho2,✉

1. School of Applied Biosciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701, South Korea;
2. Division of Environmental Sciences and Ecological Engineering, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul 136-701, Korea;
3. Division of Pesticide Safety Evaluation, Department of Crop Life Safety, National Academy of Agriculture Science, Suwon 441-707, South Korea.
* Authors equally contributed to this work.


The objective of this study was to find and validate estrogen-related biomarkers from plasma proteins in Oryzias latipes after exposure to an estrogen disrupting compound, α-endosulfan. The acute toxicity of α-endosulfan on O. latipes after 96 h of exposure was 13.72, 16.18, and 22.18 μg L-1 for the LC10, LC20, and LC50 values, respectively. To confirm estrogenic disturbance by α-endosulfan, the expression level of vitellogenin in the liver of male fishes was measured at the LC10 value, and it was found to be significantly different from the reference group, confirming the estrogenic effect of endosulfan in this concentration range. Proteinchip® array techniques using a weak cation exchange (CM10) and a strong anion exchange proteinchip (Q10) in conjunction with surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF-MS) were used to determine plasma proteins of O. latipes differently expressed in response to endosulfan exposure at LC10 and LC20 concentrations. Analysis of protein profiling of the male fish exposed to α-endosulfan detected 48 significantly different protein peaks and the proteins at m/z 2819, 8462, 8860, and 9462 were significantly different (p<0.05). The protein peaks at m/z 2819, 8860, and 9462 were up-regulated and the peak at m/z 8462 was down-regulated. Therefore, these four differentially expressed proteins could be used as biomarkers to rapidly determine a possible risk of endosulfan on aquatic ecosystems, although these are not necessarily produced as a result of endocrine disruption.

Keywords: Oryzias latipes, α-endosulfan, SELDI-TOF-MS, vitellogenin, biomarkers.

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How to cite this article:
Lee SE, Young-Woong C, Mo Hh, Son J, Park K, Cho K. Endosulfan-Induced Biomarkers in Japanese Rice Fish (Oryzias latipes) Analyzed by SELDI-TOF-MS. Int J Biol Sci 2013; 9(4):343-349. doi:10.7150/ijbs.5501. Available from