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Int J Biol Sci 2013; 9(6):587-597. doi:10.7150/ijbs.6339

Research Paper

Knockdown of Long Non-coding RNA HOTAIR Suppresses Tumor Invasion and Reverses Epithelial-mesenchymal Transition in Gastric Cancer

Zhi-Yuan Xu1,2, Qi-Ming Yu1,2, Yi-An Du1,2, Li-Tao Yang1,2, Rui-Zeng Dong1,2, Ling Huang1,2, Peng-Fei Yu1,2, Xiang-Dong Cheng1,2,✉

1. Department of Abdominal Surgery, Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China;
2. Zhejiang Cancer Research Institute, Zhejiang Cancer Center, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Abstract

Background: Over-expression of long non-coding RNA HOTAIR has been reported in several types of cancer. Yet its involvement in gastric cancer (GC) has not been well understood. The aim of present study was to examine the expression pattern of HOTAIR in GC patients, then, explore its role in promoting cancer invasion and underlying molecular mechanism. Methods: The expression level of HOTAIR in the tumor specimens of GC patients was quantified by Realtime RT-PCR. The correlation between HOTAIR level and clinicopathological factors as well as prognosis was then examined. Down-regulation of HOTAIR by RNA interference was applied to investigate its roles in tumor invasiveness via the view of Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Results: The expression level of HOTAIR in cancer tissues was higher than that in adjacent noncancerous tissues. Expression level of HOTAIR was significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis and TNM stage. Furthermore, high expression level of HOTAIR was a predictor of poor over-all survival in GC patients. In vitro, inhibition of HOTAIR in GC cells could reduce invasiveness, as well as the expression of MMP1 and MMP3. In addition, suppression of HOTAIR could reverse EMT process. Conclusions: HOTAIR could act as a potential predictor for over-all survival in patients with GC. Inhibition of HOTAIR could reduce invasiveness and reverse EMT process in GC cells, indicating the potential role of HOTAIR in GC diagnostics and therapeutics.

Keywords: Epithelial-mesenchymal Transition, Gastric cancer, HOTAIR, Long non-coding RNA, Lymphatic node metastasis.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY-NC) License. See http://ivyspring.com/terms for full terms and conditions.
How to cite this article:
Xu ZY, Yu QM, Du YA, Yang LT, Dong RZ, Huang L, Yu PF, Cheng XD. Knockdown of Long Non-coding RNA HOTAIR Suppresses Tumor Invasion and Reverses Epithelial-mesenchymal Transition in Gastric Cancer. Int J Biol Sci 2013; 9(6):587-597. doi:10.7150/ijbs.6339. Available from http://www.ijbs.com/v09p0587.htm