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Int J Biol Sci 2014; 10(1):64-72. doi:10.7150/ijbs.7894

Research Paper

A Xanthine-Derivative K+-Channel Opener Protects against Serotonin-Induced Cardiomyocyte Hypertrophy via the Modulation of Protein Kinases

Hsuan-Fu Kuo1, Yan-Jie Lai2, Jung-Chou Wu3, Kun-Tai Lee4, Chih-Sheng Chu1,4, Ing-Jun Chen2, Jiunn-Ren Wu5, ✉, Bin-Nan Wu2,✉

1. Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
2. Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
3. Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Pingtung Christian Hospital, Pingtung, Taiwan
4. Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
5. Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Pulmonology and Cardiology, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Abstract

This study investigated whether KMUP-1, a xanthine-derivative K+ channel opener, could prevent serotonin-induced hypertrophy in H9c2 cardiomyocytes via L-type Ca2+ channels (LTCCs). Rat heart-derived H9c2 cells were incubated with serotonin (10 μM) for 4 days. The cell size increased by 155.5%, and this was reversed by KMUP-1 (≥1 μM), and attenuated by the LTCC blocker verapamil (1 μM) and the 5-HT2A antagonist ketanserin (0.1 μM), but unaffected by the 5-HT2B antagonist SB206553. A perforated whole-cell patch-clamp technique was used to investigate Ca2+ currents through LTCCs in serotonin-induced H9c2 hypertrophy, in which cell capacitance and current density were increased. The LTCC current (ICa,L) increased ~2.9-fold in serotonin-elicited H9c2 hypertrophy, which was attenuated by verapamil and ketanserin, but not affected by SB206553 (0.1 μM). Serotonin-increased ICa,L was reduced by KMUP-1, PKA and PKC inhibitors (H-89, 1 μM and chelerythrine, 1 μM) while the current was enhanced by the PKC activator PMA, (1 μM) but not the PKA activator 8-Br-cAMP (100 μM), and was abolished by KMUP-1. In contrast, serotonin-increased ICa,L was blunted by the PKG activator 8-Br-cGMP (100 μM), but unaffected by the PKG inhibitor KT5823 (1 μM). Notably, KMUP-1 blocked serotonin-increased ICa,L but this was partially reversed by KT5823. In conclusion, serotonin-increased ICa,L could be due to activated 5-HT2A receptor-mediated PKA and PKC cascades, and/or indirect interaction with PKG. KMUP-1 prevents serotonin-induced H9c2 cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, which can be attributed to its PKA and PKC inhibition, and/or PKG stimulation.

Keywords: Serotonin, H9c2 cardiomyocyte-like cell line, perforated whole-cell patch-clamp technique, L-type Ca2+ channels, protein kinases, cardiac hypertrophy

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How to cite this article:
Kuo HF, Lai YJ, Wu JC, Lee KT, Chu CS, Chen IJ, Wu JR, Wu BN. A Xanthine-Derivative K+-Channel Opener Protects against Serotonin-Induced Cardiomyocyte Hypertrophy via the Modulation of Protein Kinases. Int J Biol Sci 2014; 10(1):64-72. doi:10.7150/ijbs.7894. Available from http://www.ijbs.com/v10p0064.htm