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Int J Biol Sci 2014; 10(9):957-965. doi:10.7150/ijbs.9773
KRAS and DAXX/ATRX Gene Mutations Are Correlated with the Clinicopathological Features, Advanced Diseases, and Poor Prognosis in Chinese Patients with Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
1. Department of Surgery, Shanghai Institute of Digestive Surgery, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, No. 197 Ruijin Er Road, Shanghai 200025, China;
Background and Aim: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (pNET) is a clinically rare and heterogeneous group of tumors; its pharmacogenetic characteristics are not fully understood. This study was designed to examine the relationship between key gene variations and disease development and prognosis among Chinese patients with pNET.
Methods: Various pNET associated genes such as DAXX/ATRX, KRAS, MEN1, PTEN, TSC2, SMAD4/DPC, TP53 and VHL were analyzed in high-throughput sequencing. The links between the gene mutations and the clinicopathological features and prognosis of the patients were determined.
Results: The somatic mutation frequencies of the DAXX/ATRX, KRAS, MEN1, mTOR pathway genes (PTEN and TSC2), SMAD4/DPC, TP53, and VHL in Chinese pNET patients were 54.05%, 10.81%, 35.14%, 54.05%, 2.70%, 13.51%, and 40.54%, respectively, while the same figures in Caucasians pNET patients were 43%, 0%, 44%, 15%, 0%, 3%, and 0%, respectively. The numbers of mutated genes were from 0 to 6; 4 patients with more than 3 mutated genes had higher proliferation (Ki-67) index or nerve vascular invasion or organ involvement, but only 9 of 27 patients with 3 or few mutated genes had such features. Mutations in KRAS and DAXX/ATRX, but not other genes analyzed, were associated with a shortened survival.
Conclusion: The mutation rates of these genes in Chinese pNET patients are different from those in Caucasians. A higher number of gene mutations and the DAXX/ATRX and KRAS gene mutations are correlated with a poor prognosis of patients with pNET.
Keywords: pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor, gene mutation, prognosis, KRAS, DAXX/ATRX.
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How to cite this article:
Yuan F, Shi M, Ji J, Shi H, Zhou C, Yu Y, Liu B, Zhu Z, Zhang J. KRAS and DAXX/ATRX Gene Mutations Are Correlated with the Clinicopathological Features, Advanced Diseases, and Poor Prognosis in Chinese Patients with Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors. Int J Biol Sci 2014; 10(9):957-965. doi:10.7150/ijbs.9773. Available from http://www.ijbs.com/v10p0957.htm