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Int J Biol Sci 2016; 12(7):799-811. doi:10.7150/ijbs.13310

Research Paper

Global Identification and Differential Distribution Analysis of Glycans in Subcellular Fractions of Bladder Cells

Ganglong Yang1*, Luyu Huang2*, Jiaxu Zhang1, Hanjie Yu3, Zheng Li3, Feng Guan1✉

1. The Key Laboratory of Carbohydrate Chemistry & Biotechnology, Ministry of Education; School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China;
2. The Key Laboratory of Biological Pesticide and Chemical Biology, Ministry of Education; College of Life Sciences, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, China;
3. Laboratory for Functional Glycomics, College of Life Sciences, Northwest University, Xi'an, China.
*These authors contributed equally to the study.

Abstract

Compartmentalization of cellular components and their associated biological processes is crucial for cellular function. Protein glycosylation provides a basis for diversity of protein functions. Diversity of glycan composition in animal cells remains poorly understood. We used differential centrifugation techniques to isolate four subcellular protein fractions from homogenate of metastatic bladder YTS1 cells, low grade nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer KK47 cells and normal bladder epithelia HCV29 cells: microsomal (Mic), mitochondrial (Mito), nuclear (Nuc), and cytosolic (Cyto). An integrated strategy combining lectin microarray and mass spectrometry (MS) analysis was then applied to evaluate protein glycosylation of the four fractions. Lectin microarray analysis revealed significant differences among the four fractions in terms of glycan binding to the lectins LCA, AAL, MPL, WGA and PWM in YTS1 cell, STL, Jacalin, VVA, LCA and WGA in KK47, and ConA, GNA, VVA and ACA in HCV29 cell. Among a total of 40, 32 and 15 N-glycans in four fractions of three cells detected by MS analysis, high-mannose and fucosylated structures were predominant, 10 N-glycans in YTS1, 5 N-glycans in KK47 and 7 N-glycans in HCV29 were present in all four fractions; and 10 N-glycans in YTS1, 16 N-glycans in KK47, and 3 N-glycans in HCV29 were present in only one fraction. Glycans in the latter category are considered potential markers for the corresponding organelles. The integrated strategy described here allows detailed examination of glycomes subcellular fraction with high resolution and sensitivity, and will be useful for elucidation of the functional roles of glycans and corresponding glycosylated proteins in distinct organelles.

Keywords: glycan, glycosylated protein

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How to cite this article:
Yang G, Huang L, Zhang J, Yu H, Li Z, Guan F. Global Identification and Differential Distribution Analysis of Glycans in Subcellular Fractions of Bladder Cells. Int J Biol Sci 2016; 12(7):799-811. doi:10.7150/ijbs.13310. Available from http://www.ijbs.com/v12p0799.htm