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Int J Biol Sci 2018; 14(12):1715-1723. doi:10.7150/ijbs.27197

Research Paper

TGF-β/SMAD4-Regulated LncRNA-LINP1 Inhibits Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition in Lung Cancer

Chong Zhang1,2, Yajing Hao3,4,5, Yanxiao Wang1,2, Jiaqian Xu2, Yan Teng2✉, Xiao Yang1,2✉

1. E-institutes of Shanghai Universities, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200025, China
2. State Key Laboratory of Proteomics, Beijing Proteome Research Center, National Center for Protein Sciences (Beijing), Beijing Institute of Lifeomics, Beijing 102206, China
3. Key Laboratory of RNA Biology, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.
4. Beijing Key Laboratory of Noncoding RNA, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.
5. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.

Abstract

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer related deaths worldwide. TGF-β-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a key cell-intrinsic identity for tumor cell migration, invasion, and stemness acquisition in cancer metastasis. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have not been fully investigated for their involvement in regulating TGF-β-induced EMT and metastasis in lung cancer. Here, we demonstrated that the transcription of lncRNA in nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) pathway 1 (LINP1) was inhibited by TGF-β1 in a SMAD4-dependent manner. LINP1 suppressed EMT of lung cancer cells, thereby controlling cancer cell migration, invasion, and stemless. Moreover, LINP1 inhibited TGF-β-induced EMT and cell invasion in lung cancer cells. Our study reveals the role of LINP1 in the regulation of TGF-β-induced EMT in human lung cancer.

Keywords: lncRNA, LINP1, TGF-β, EMT, lung cancer

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY-NC) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/). See http://ivyspring.com/terms for full terms and conditions.
How to cite this article:
Zhang C, Hao Y, Wang Y, Xu J, Teng Y, Yang X. TGF-β/SMAD4-Regulated LncRNA-LINP1 Inhibits Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition in Lung Cancer. Int J Biol Sci 2018; 14(12):1715-1723. doi:10.7150/ijbs.27197. Available from http://www.ijbs.com/v14p1715.htm