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Int J Biol Sci 2013; 9(1):67-77. doi:10.7150/ijbs.5577

Research Paper

Inhibition of Filamin-A Reduces Cancer Metastatic Potential

Xi Jiang1, 2, *, Jingyin Yue2,*, Huimei Lu2, Neil Campbell2, Qifeng Yang2,3, Shijie Lan1,2, Bruce G. Haffty2, Changji Yuan1,✉, Zhiyuan Shen2,✉

1. Cancer Center, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin Province, China.
2. The Cancer Institute of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ 08903, USA.
3. Current address: Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Department of Breast Surgery, Jinan, Shandong Province, China.
* Authors with equal contribution.

Abstract

Filamin-A cross-links actin filaments into dynamic orthogonal networks, and interacts with an array of proteins of diverse cellular functions. Because several filamin-A interaction partners are implicated in signaling of cell mobility regulation, we tested the hypothesis that filamin-A plays a role in cancer metastasis. Using four pairs of filamin-A proficient and deficient isogenic cell lines, we found that filamin-A deficiency in cancer cells significantly reduces their migration and invasion. Using a xenograft tumor model with subcutaneous and intracardiac injections of tumor cells, we found that the filamin-A deficiency causes significant reduction of lung, splenic and systemic metastasis in nude mice. We evaluated the expression of filamin-A in breast cancer tissues by immunohistochemical staining, and found that low levels of filamin-A expression in cancer cells of the tumor tissues are associated with a better distant metastasis-free survival than those with normal levels of filamin-A. These data not only validate filamin-A as a prognostic marker for cancer metastasis, but also suggest that inhibition of filamin-A in cancer cells may reduce metastasis and that filamin-A can be used as a therapeutic target for filamin-A positive cancer.

Keywords: Filamin-A, ABP-280, migration, invasiveness, metastasis, biomarker.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY-NC) License. See http://ivyspring.com/terms for full terms and conditions.
How to cite this article:
Jiang X, Yue J, Lu H, Campbell N, Yang Q, Lan S, Haffty BG, Yuan C, Shen Z. Inhibition of Filamin-A Reduces Cancer Metastatic Potential. Int J Biol Sci 2013; 9(1):67-77. doi:10.7150/ijbs.5577. Available from http://www.ijbs.com/v09p0067.htm