Int J Biol Sci 2016; 12(6):677-687. doi:10.7150/ijbs.11037
A Novel Role of Cab45-G in Mediating Cell Migration in Cancer Cells
1. Department of Radiotherapy, Changzhou Tumor Hospital, Soochow University, Changzhou, 213001, China;
Ca2+-binding protein of 45 kDa (Cab45), a CREC family member, is reported to be associated with Ca2+-dependent secretory pathways and involved in multiple diseases including cancers. Cab45-G, a Cab45 isoform protein, plays an important role in protein sorting and secretion at Golgi complex. However, its role in cancer cell migration remains elusive. In this study, we demonstrate that Cab45-G exhibited an increased expression in cell lines with higher metastatic potential and promoted cell migration in multiple types of cancer cells. Overexpression of Cab45-G resulted in an altered expression of the molecular mediators of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which is a critical step in the tumor metastasis. Quantitative real-time PCR showed that overexpression of Cab45-G increased the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -7 (MMP-2 and MMP-7). Conversely, knock-down of Cab45-G reduced the expression of the above MMPs. Moreover, forced expression of Cab45-G upregulated the level of phosphorylated ERK and modulated the secretion of extracellular proteins fibronectin and fibulin. Furthermore, in human cervical and esophageal cancer tissues, the expression of Cab45-G was found to be significantly correlated with that of MMP-2, further supporting the importance of Cab45-G on regulating cancer metastasis. Taken together, these results suggest that Cab45-G could regulate cancer cell migration through various molecular mechanisms, which may serve as a therapeutic target for the treatment of cancers.
Keywords: Cab45-G, cell migration, Golgi complex, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT).
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How to cite this article:
Luo J, Li Z, Zhu H, Wang C, Zheng W, He Y, Song J, Wang W, Zhou X, Lu X, Zhang S, Chen J. A Novel Role of Cab45-G in Mediating Cell Migration in Cancer Cells. Int J Biol Sci 2016; 12(6):677-687. doi:10.7150/ijbs.11037. Available from http://www.ijbs.com/v12p0677.htm