Int J Biol Sci 2018; 14(4):381-389. doi:10.7150/ijbs.23517
Expanding the Oro-Dental and Mutational Spectra of Kabuki Syndrome and Expression of KMT2D and KDM6A in Human Tooth Germs
1. Craniofacial Genetics and Stem Cells Research Group, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
Kabuki syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by distinct dysmorphic facial features, intellectual disability, and multiple developmental abnormalities. Despite more than 350 documented cases, the oro-dental spectrum associated with kabuki syndrome and expression of KMT2D (histone-lysine N-methyltransferase 2D) or KDM6A (lysine-specific demethylase 6A) genes in tooth development have not been well defined. Here, we report seven unrelated Thai patients with Kabuki syndrome having congenital absence of teeth, malocclusion, high-arched palate, micrognathia, and deviated tooth shape and size. Exome sequencing successfully identified that six patients were heterozygous for mutations in KMT2D, and one in KDM6A. Six were novel mutations, of which five were in KMT2D and one in KDM6A. They were truncating mutations including four frameshift deletions and two nonsense mutations. The predicted non-functional KMT2D and KDM6A proteins are expected to cause disease by haploinsufficiency. Our study expands oro-dental, medical, and mutational spectra associated with Kabuki syndrome. We also demonstrate for the first time that KMT2D and KDM6A are expressed in the dental epithelium of human tooth germs.
Keywords: Craniofacial anomalies, genetics, tooth development, hypodontia
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How to cite this article:
Porntaveetus T, Abid MF, Theerapanon T, Srichomthong C, Ohazama A, Kawasaki K, Kawasaki M, Suphapeetiporn K, Sharpe PT, Shotelersuk V. Expanding the Oro-Dental and Mutational Spectra of Kabuki Syndrome and Expression of KMT2D and KDM6A in Human Tooth Germs. Int J Biol Sci 2018; 14(4):381-389. doi:10.7150/ijbs.23517. Available from http://www.ijbs.com/v14p0381.htm