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Int J Biol Sci 2018; 14(9):992-999. doi:10.7150/ijbs.24558

Research Paper

An Inhibitor of Casein Kinase 1ε/δ (PF670462) Prevents the Deterioration of Dextran Sodium Sulfate-induced Ulcerative Colitis Caused by UVB Eye Irradiation

Keiichi Hiramoto1✉, Yurika Yamate1, Emiko Kasahara2, Eisuke F Sato1

1. Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Suzuka University of Medical Science, Suzuka, Mie, Japan
2. Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Osaka University Graduate School, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Abstract

Although we previously reported the exacerbation of dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced ulcerative colitis by ultraviolet (UV) B eye irradiation, we do not yet understand the mechanism behind this phenomenon. In this study, we examined the relationship between the deterioration of DSS-induced ulcerative colitis and clock genes. We induced a mouse model of ulcerative colitis by administering DSS for 5 days, and administered UVB eye irradiation on each day of the DSS treatment period. The DSS-induced ulcerative colitis was deteriorated by the UVB eye irradiation. The levels of Clock, brain and muscle arnt-like protein 1 (Bmal1), reverse orientation c-erb A gene (Rev-Erb)α, RAR-related orphan receptor gamma (RORγt), and interleukin (IL)-17 in the colon were increased by UVB eye irradiation in the DSS-treated mice (UVB/DSS-treated mice). Conversely, the nuclear factor, interleukin 3 regulated (NFIL-3) levels in the colon were lower after UVB eye irradiation. The Casein Kinase 1ε/δ inhibitor (PF670462) administration, which is a Clock/Bmal1 inhibitor (PER2 activator), inhibited the deterioration caused by UVB eye irradiation. These results suggest that the UVB eye irradiation-mediated exacerbation of DSS-induced ulcerative colitis depends on IL-17 produced in response to alterations in clock genes.

Keywords: Ultraviolet B, DSS-induced ulcerative colitiss, Clock genes, IL-17

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How to cite this article:
Hiramoto K, Yamate Y, Kasahara E, Sato EF. An Inhibitor of Casein Kinase 1ε/δ (PF670462) Prevents the Deterioration of Dextran Sodium Sulfate-induced Ulcerative Colitis Caused by UVB Eye Irradiation. Int J Biol Sci 2018; 14(9):992-999. doi:10.7150/ijbs.24558. Available from http://www.ijbs.com/v14p0992.htm