Int J Biol Sci 2018; 14(14):2065-2072. doi:10.7150/ijbs.28608

Research Paper

Comparison of Prognostic Indices in NSCLC Patients with Brain Metastases after Radiosurgery

Hong Xiang Gao1,3*, Shi Gao Huang2✉*, Jian Fei Du1, Xue Cheng Zhang1, Nan Jiang2, Wen Xing Kang3, Jian Mao1, Qi Zhao2✉

1. Department of Radiotherapy Oncology, Chang An Hospital, Xi'an, Shaan Xi, China
2. Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Macau, Taipa, Macao SAR, China
3. Radiotherapy Department, 323 Hospital of People's Liberation Army, Xi'an, Shaan Xi, China
*These authors equally contributed to the work.


Prognostic indices are commonly used in the context of brain metastases radiotherapy to guide patient decision-making and clinical trial stratification. This study is to choose an appropriate prognostic index (PI) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with brain metastases (BM) who underwent radiosurgery. A total of 103 patients with BM from NSCLC receiving radiosurgery were analyzed retrospectively. There are six prognostic factors were analyzed, including age, primary tumor control, extracranial metastasis, KPS score, number of lesions, max lesion volume; and four prognostic indices were compared, include Recursive Partitioning Analysis (RPA),Graded Prognostic Assessment (GPA), Score Index for Radiosurgery (SIR), Basic Score for Brain Metastases (BSBM). Survival curves were estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method and compared with a log-rank test stratified according to the PIs. Univariate and multivariate analysis was performed using the Cox regression analysis. The PI's predictive capacity was compared in terms of Akaike information criterion (AIC), Log-rank × 2, Concordance index (C-index) and calibration curve. The median survival time was 8 months, and the 6-months and 12-months survival rate were 61% and 26% respectively. All four prognostic indices were correlated with prognosis (P<0.005).The AIC for BSBM (686.317) was the minimum in the four PIs(range,686.317-739.113).The Log-rank × 2 value for BSBM (77.62) was the maximum in the four PIs (range,23.32-77.62).The C-index for BSBM (0.758)was superior than the other PIs predictive capacity (range,0.611-0.758). The calibration curve showed that the BSBM was able to predict 6-months and 12-months overall survival accurately. In conclusion, the BSBM may be the most accurate prognostic index for patients with BM from NSCLC who underwent radiosurgery.

Keywords: Non-small cell lung cancer, brain metastases, prognostic index, decision curve analysis, radiosurgery

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How to cite this article:
Gao HX, Huang SG, Du JF, Zhang XC, Jiang N, Kang WX, Mao J, Zhao Q. Comparison of Prognostic Indices in NSCLC Patients with Brain Metastases after Radiosurgery. Int J Biol Sci 2018; 14(14):2065-2072. doi:10.7150/ijbs.28608. Available from