Int J Biol Sci 2010; 6(2):163-171. doi:10.7150/ijbs.6.163 This issue
1. Genome Institute of Singapore, Singapore 138672
2. Strategic Research Center IRIS, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
3. Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
4. Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology, Onna, Okinawa 904-0412, Japan
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is one of the major forms of inflammatory bowel disease with unknown cause. A molecular marker, WAFL, has recently been found to be up-regulated in the inflamed colonic mucosa of UC patients. Towards understanding biological function of WAFL, we analyzed proteins interacting with WAFL in HEK-293 cells by immunoprecipitation and mass spectrometry. Among four proteins found to specifically interact with WAFL, both KIAA0196 and KIAA1033 bind to α-appendage of the adaptor protein complex 2 (AP2), which acts as an interaction hub for accessory proteins in endocytosis mediated by clathrin-coated vesicle (CCV). The specific interaction between WAFL and KIAA0196 was also confirmed in human colorectal carcinoma HCT-116 cells by co-immunoprecipitation with specific antibodies. Meta-analyses of the databases of expressed genes suggest that the three genes are co-expressed in many tissues and cell types, and that their molecular function may be classified in the category of 'membrane traffic protein'. Therefore, these results suggest that WAFL may play an important role in endocytosis and subsequent membrane trafficking by interacting with AP2 through KIAA0196 and KIAA1033.
Keywords: Inflammatory bowel disease, Proteomics, WAFL/FKBP15/FKBP133/KIAA0674, KIAA1033, KIAA0196/strumpellin, Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein