Int J Biol Sci 2013; 9(2):219-227. doi:10.7150/ijbs.5380
Analysis of Core Region from Egg White Lysozyme Forming Amyloid Fibrils
1. Laboratory of Biochemistry and Bioscience, The United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima 890-0065 Japan;
2. Department of Applied Biochemistry and Food Science, Saga University, Saga 840-8502 Japan.
Tokunaga Y, Sakakibara Y, Kamada Y, Watanabe Ki, Sugimoto Y. Analysis of Core Region from Egg White Lysozyme Forming Amyloid Fibrils. Int J Biol Sci 2013; 9(2):219-227. doi:10.7150/ijbs.5380. Available from http://www.ijbs.com/v09p0219.htm
Some of the lysozyme mutants in humans cause systemic amyloidosis. Hen egg white lysozyme (HEWL) has been well studied as a model protein of amyloid fibrils formation. We previously identified an amyloid core region consisting of nine amino acids (designated as the K peptide), which is present at 54-62 in HEWL. The K peptide, with tryptophan at its C- terminus, has the ability of self-aggregation. In the present work we focused on its structural properties in relation to the formation of fibrils. The K peptide alone formed definite fibrils having β-sheet structures by incubation of 7 days under acidic conditions at 37°C. A substantial number of fibrils were generated under this pH condition and incubation period. Deletion and substitution of tryptophan in the K peptide resulted in no formation of fibrils. Tryptophan 62 in lysozyme was suggested to be especially crucial to forming amyloid fibrils. We also show that amyloid fibrils formation of the K peptide requires not only tryptophan 62 but also a certain length containing hydrophobic amino acids. A core region is involved in the significant formation of amyloid fibrils of lysozyme.
Keywords: lysozyme, amyloid fibril formation, core region, tryptophan, egg white.