Int J Biol Sci 2008; 4(6):415-421. doi:10.7150/ijbs.4.415
cDNA, genomic sequence and overexpression of crystallin alpha-B Gene (CRYAB) of the Giant Panda
1. College of Agriculture, Sichuan Agricultural University, 46# Xinkang Road, 625014, Ya-an, China.
2. College of Life Science, China West Normal University, 44# Yuying Road, 637002, Nanchong, China.
Hou Yl, Hou Wr, Ren Zl, Hao Yz, Zhang T. cDNA, genomic sequence and overexpression of crystallin alpha-B Gene (CRYAB) of the Giant Panda. Int J Biol Sci 2008; 4(6):415-421. doi:10.7150/ijbs.4.415. Available from http://www.ijbs.com/v04p0415.htm
αB-crystallin, a small heat-shock protein, has been shown to prevent the aggregation of other proteins under various stress conditions. Here we have cloned the cDNA and the genomic sequence of CRYAB gene from the Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) using RT-PCR technology and Touchdown-PCR, respectively. The length of cDNA fragment cloned contains an open reading frame of 528bp encoding 175 amino acids and the length of the genomic sequence is 3189bp, containing three exons and two introns. Alignment analysis indicated that the nucleotide sequence and the deduced amino acid sequence are highly conserved to other four species studied, including Homo sapiens, Mus musculus, Rattus norvegicus and Bos taurus. The homologies for nucleotide sequences of Giant Panda CRYAB to that of these species are 93.9%, 91.5%, 91.5% and 95.3%, respectively, and the homologies for amino acid sequences are 98.3%, 97.1%,97.7% and 99.4%, respectively. Topology prediction shows that there are only four Casein kinase II phosphorylation sites in the CRYAB protein of the Giant Panda. The cDNA of CRYAB was transfected into E. coli, and the CRYAB fused with the N-terminally His-tagged protein gave rise to the accumulation of an expected 24KDa polypeptide, which accorded with the predicted protein. The expression product obtained could be used for purification and study of its function further.
Keywords: cDNA cloning, CRYAB, the Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca), genomic cloning, overexpression.