Int J Biol Sci 2021; 17(9):2147-2156. doi:10.7150/ijbs.59688 This issue

Review

The role of Exosomes in the Pathogenesis of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma and the involved Clinical Application

Huidan Luo, Bin Yi

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan Province 410008, China.

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Citation:
Luo H, Yi B. The role of Exosomes in the Pathogenesis of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma and the involved Clinical Application. Int J Biol Sci 2021; 17(9):2147-2156. doi:10.7150/ijbs.59688. Available from https://www.ijbs.com/v17p2147.htm

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Abstract

Graphic abstract

Exosomes are nanoscale membrane vesicles, which carry biologically active substances of their cell of origin and play an important role in signal transduction and intercellular communication. At present, exosomes have been identified as a promising non-invasive liquid biopsy biomarker in the tissues and circulating blood of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and found to participate in regulating pathophysiological process of the tumor. We here review recent insights gained into the molecular mechanisms of exosome-induced cell growth, angiogenesis, metastasis, immunosuppression, radiation resistance and chemotherapy resistance in the development and progression of NPC, as well as the clinical application of exosomes as diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic agents. We also discuss the limitations and challenges in exosome application. We hope this review may provide some references for the use of exosomes in clinical intervention.

Keywords: exosomes, NPC, angiogenesis, tumor metastasis