Int J Biol Sci 2022; 18(6):2627-2638. doi:10.7150/ijbs.69410 This issue
1. Department of Gynecology, General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, Ningxia, China
2. College of Clinical Medicine, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, Ningxia, China
3. Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China
4. Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Fertility Preservation and Maintenance, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, Ningxia, China
5. Guangdong Research Center of Organoid Engineering and Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
6. Department of Gynecology, Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China
*These authors contributed equally to this work.
Objective: Intrauterine adhesion (IUA) is one of the major causes of refractory secondary infertility, especially in regions and countries with high abortion rates. In this study, we used the mouse IUA model to evaluate the feasibility of the organoids, a 3D cell structure derived from endometrial tissue, as grafts for the treatment of post-traumatic endometrial regeneration disorders. Methods: The isolated and cultured endometrial organoid was transplanted into the model IUA uterus by the hydrogel scaffold method. Results: The cultured endometrial organoids were transplanted into the basal layer of the damaged endometrium for 28 days. They were completely implanted and grew normally. They not only reconstructed the structural integrity of the endometrial epithelium but also realized the functional repair of the endometrium through differentiation cultures and secretory functions. Conclusion: For severe IUA, this method may be better than stem cell transplantation. These findings provide useful insights into the use of endometrial organoid regeneration in the treatment of injury repair.
Keywords: Intrauterine adhesion (IUA), Three-dimensional culture, Endometrial organoids ansplantation, Endometrial regeneration