1. Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Macau, Av. Padre Tomas Pereira, Taipa, Macau SAR, China.
2. Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Sciences, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 725 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.
Drug repositioning (also referred to as drug repurposing), the process of finding new uses of existing drugs, has been gaining popularity in recent years. The availability of several established clinical drug libraries and rapid advances in disease biology, genomics and bioinformatics has accelerated the pace of both activity-based and in silico drug repositioning. Drug repositioning has attracted particular attention from the communities engaged in anticancer drug discovery due to the combination of great demand for new anticancer drugs and the availability of a wide variety of cell- and target-based screening assays. With the successful clinical introduction of a number of non-cancer drugs for cancer treatment, drug repositioning now became a powerful alternative strategy to discover and develop novel anticancer drug candidates from the existing drug space. In this review, recent successful examples of drug repositioning for anticancer drug discovery from non-cancer drugs will be discussed.
Keywords: drug repositioning, drug discovery, cancer, angiogenesis, drug screening, drug library.