Int J Biol Sci 2010; 6(2):192-198. doi:10.7150/ijbs.6.192 This issue
Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, Hubei Province, P.R. China
By means of the serial nuclear transplantation technique, the authors obtained a nuclear transplant fish from subcultured cell originated from the blastula cells of the crucian carp (Carassius auratus Linnaeus). This nuclear transplant fish survived for three years, but its sexual glands were undifferentiated. The authors have also obtained a sexually mature adult fish from short-term cultured kidney cell nucleus of an adult crucian carp.
Results of the experiment implied that the subcultured cell nuclei of fish blastula cells and the specialized somatic cell nuclei of adult fish still retained their developmental totipotency, and thus, it indicated that there is a possibility of fish somatic cell breeding through the use of nuclear transplantation.
Keywords: specialized cell nuclei, nuclear transplantation, developmental totipotency