Int J Biol Sci 2020; 16(15):2938-2950. doi:10.7150/ijbs.47051

Research Paper

Lnc-MCEI mediated the chemosensitivity of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma via miR-6759-5p to competitively regulate IGF2

Guangming Liu1, Wei Guo2, Guang Chen3, Wencan Li3, Youbin Cui4, Junjie Qin1, Jing Peng3✉

1. Department of Gastroenterology, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130021, P.R. China.
2. Department of Hemotology, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130021, P.R. China.
3. Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Affiliated Zhuzhou Hospital of Xiangya Medical College CSU, Zhuzhou 412000, China.
4. Department of Thoracic Surgery, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130021, P.R. China.

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Citation:
Liu G, Guo W, Chen G, Li W, Cui Y, Qin J, Peng J. Lnc-MCEI mediated the chemosensitivity of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma via miR-6759-5p to competitively regulate IGF2. Int J Biol Sci 2020; 16(15):2938-2950. doi:10.7150/ijbs.47051. Available from http://www.ijbs.com/v16p2938.htm

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Abstract

Large amounts of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been annotated whereas most of them have not been functionally characterized. Here we identified lncRNA ENST00000441932 as an oncogenic lncRNA in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and named lnc-MCEI (lncRNA mediated the chemosensitivity of ESCC by regulating IGF2). What's more, the effect of lnc-MCEI on the chemosensitivity of ESCC was further evaluated. Bioinformatics analysis demonstrated that lnc-MCEI was involved in the tumorigenesis of ESCC and lnc-MCEI levels were significantly increased in ESCC cells and tissues. Additionally, lnc-MCEI knockdown retarded cell proliferation, colony formation of ESCC cells, but induced cell apoptosis. Moreover, lnc-MCEI knockdown significantly improved the chemosensitivity of ESCC to cisplatin (DDP) both in vivo and in vitro. Further mechanisms disclosed that lnc-MCEI functioned as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) via sponging miR-6759-5p and IGF2 was a target of miR-6759-5p. Meanwhile, we found that IGF2 suppressed chemosensitivity of ESCC cells via PI3K/AKT pathway. These data suggested that lnc-MCEI was an oncogenic lncRNA and lnc-MCEI knockdown enhanced chemosensitivity of ESCC cells to cisplatin by targeting miR-6759-5p /IGF2/PI3K/AKT axis.

Keywords: lnc-MCEI, miR-6759-5p, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, chemosensitivity, IGF2