Int J Biol Sci 2022; 18(13):5056-5069. doi:10.7150/ijbs.74304 This issue
1. Department of Gastroenterology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei Province, China.
2. Key Laboratory of Hubei Province for Digestive System Disease, Wuhan, Hubei Province, China.
*These authors contributed equally to this work.
The pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC) is unclear, while genetic factors have been confirmed to play an important role in its development. P2RY13 is a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCRs), which are involved in the pathogenesis of inflammation and immune disorders. According to GEO database analysis, we first observed that the expression of P2Y13 was increased in UC patients. Therefore, we sought to determine the role of P2Y13 in the development of colitis. Our data showed that P2RY13 was highly expressed in the inflamed intestinal tissues of UC patients. In mice, pharmacological antagonism of P2Y13 can significantly attenuate the intestinal mucosal barrier disruption. In LPS-induced NCM460 cell, knockdown or pharmacological inhibition of P2RY13 increased the expression of intestinal tight junction protein and reduced apoptosis. In addition, we found that the effect of P2Y13 on colitis is related to the activation of the IL-6/STAT3 pathway. Activation of P2Y13 increases IL-6 expression and promotes STAT3 phosphorylation and nuclear transport. Deletion of the STAT3 gene in the intestinal epithelial cells of mice significantly mitigated the exacerbation of colitis due to P2Y13 activation. Thus, P2Y13 can aggravate intestinal mucosal barrier destruction by activating the IL-6/STAT3 pathway. P2Y13 might be a potential drug target for UC.
Keywords: ulcerative colitis, P2RY13, intestinal mucosal barrier disruption, STAT3, IL-6, MRS2211